A Carpet is designed typically to cover the textile floor. It consists of a pile in the upper layer and a backing is attached to it. The pile is made traditionally from the wool. Synthetic fibres like nylon, polyster and polypropylene are used very often as wool is costlier than these fibres. Twisted Tufts are present in the pile which is typically treated with heat in order to maintain the structure of the pile. The term “rug” can be used interchangeably with the term “carpet”. To cover the entire house the carpet is applied on the floor. We cannot span the rug from one wall to another as it is not bigger than a single room.
What to know before Buying a Carpet?
You must decide the type of carpet before you buy. There are kinds of carpet available. You must think on the part of its durability. How long you need the carpet? What is your budget? Your budget must include the cost of fitting and underlay.
Different types of carpets:
There are different types of carpets. You can categorise depending upon the material which is used to design the Carpets. They are as follows:
Needle Felt Carpets
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Needle carpets are more advanced in technology. By felting and intermingling the synthetic fibres individually the needle felt carpets are produced. With the help of forked and bearded needles an extremely durable carpet is formed. When there is frequent traffic in places like restaurants and hotels these carpets are used.
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The woven carpet is generally produced by a loom which is much similar to a woven fabric. The pile can either be a Berber or a plush. The Berber carpet is a loop pile where the plush carpet is a cut pile. The loop and cut carpeting can be said as the two styles to combine the carpet in a new style. Intricate patterns can be produced from the predetermined designs if yarns with normal colour are used in this process. If the pattern of the carpet should be accurate then some limitations should be applied to the weaving methods. As the manufacturing takes much time these carpets are very expensive. These carpets are famous in Pakistan, Arabia and India.
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In the knotted carpet a supplementary weft is altered with the thread of the structural weft. The surface of the weave is raised at the right angles with these wefts. With one of the knot types the supplementary weft is attached to the warp. In carpets and oriental rugs, the hand knotting is most prevalent. Most of the carpets in Kashmir are knotted by hand. Loom can be used to woven the flat carpets. To produce the oriental and European carpets both the horizontal and vertical looms were used.
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In the tufted carpets the backing material is injected by the pile. It is bonded itself to the secondary backing made of a man made woven as an alternative to provide the stability. In order to achieve a variety of textures the pile is sheared often. The domestic fibers can be manufactured by using this common method. The purpose of this carpet in the world is to cover the floor.
The warp and weft threads are interlocked to create a flatweave carpet. This carpet has types which include plain weave, Kilim, tapestry weave and soumak. By pulling the strips of cloth like cotton or wool a hook rug can be created. Burlap, a sturdy fabric has meshes pulled with the fibers. A hook rug is a handmade rug of a simple type. Generally this type of rug is made as a handicraft. Rug hooking is the process to create a hooked rug.
Embroidery carpets cannot be produced on a loom like the woven carpets. By applying stitches to the base of a cloth the pattern of the embroidery carpets is established. The most common methods to create these carpets are cross stitch and tent stitch. The aristocratic and royal women make the embroidery carpets in a traditional way at home.
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They will give a good appearance to your kitchen if you compromise on the cost. With the different dyed fibres carpets are designed in different colours. . The carpets used in the kitchen should be hard-wearing and easy to clean.
Living Room Carpets
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It is important to know the size of your living room before you choose the carpet. The carpet will give a new glow to your living room. If you want to get a luxury look for your living then you must choose a velvety touch pile carpet. It enhances your living room look effectively.
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The carpet used in bedroom completely depends upon the choice of the individual as it is their personal area. Carpet helps to keep the room insulated. It gives a complete comfortable space to sit, work and play.
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To decorate the surface there are Carpets with different motifs and patterns. In commercial and industrial attachments such as hotels, private homes and retail stores the carpets are used. A huge range of rugs and carpets are available with many quality and price levels. In factories there is a mass production for synthetic fibres which are very inexpensive. The wealthy families in the private homes use the carpets to get an impressive look.
Carpets Increases the Comfort Level
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Generally we use the carpets for different purposes. This includes insulating a person’s feet from a concrete floor or cold tile. When you sit on the floor you will feel more comfortable if a carpet is placed on the floor. It also colour and decoration to your room and will also reduce the sound on the floor. It gives a warm, soft and soothing feel to your feet which helps you psychologically.
Carpets in demand
Similar to the woven fabric the carpets can also be produced on a loom. A backing material is injected by a pile with the needle felts and making a knot with the hand. Sturdy or embroidered fabric meshes are made by hooking the cotton or wool. The width of the carpet commonly ranges from 12 feet to 15 feet in width in USA. In Europe the carpets are in a width of 4 metres to 5 metres. The wall to wall carpet is in use since 2000. Carpets of different widths can be seamed together with a seam tape and seaming iron.
Normally carpets are priced on broadloom meter. You have to make sure by changing into square meter while you buy. Always choose the carpet type as per your floor such as timber or tile.
Polypropylene carpets range from $65 to $180, wool carpets can range from $140 to $500 and Nylon carpet can range from $125 up to $300 per broadloom metre.
If the underlay is cushioned then it can be fixed to the floor with the help of tack strips, adhesives and nails. Metal stair rods which are used occasionally for decoration will also help to fix the cushion to the floor. There is a local of difference between wall to wall carpet and rug. The rug is defined as the covering which is loosely laid on the floor. To cover a larger area the wall to wall carpet is fixed to the floor. In Asia to knot the rugs with hands the child labour is often used. In North America and Europe there is an assurance that child labour is not used as these countries used a scheme called Goodweave labelling.